Villas and Palaces
 Top 10 Features of Villas and Paleces

Villa Farnesina
Click on image to enlarge A little gem of gracious living, decorated by some of the greatest artists of the Renaissance, including Rapphael. The loggias are now glassed in to protect the precious frescoes, but they were orginally open, embodying the ideal of blending indoor and outdoor spaces - a concept borrowed from ancient Roman Villa designers

Campidoglio Palazzi
Click on image to enlargeWhen Emperor Charles V visited Rome in 1536, Pope Paul lll was so embarrassed at the Capitol's state that he enlisted Michel angelo's help. Work started 10 years later, but Michelangelo died long before its completion. True his design, however, are double flight of steps for the Palazzo Senatorio, the addition of Palazzo Nuovo, the fine fçades and placementof ancient

Palazzo Borghese
Click on image to enlargeCalled "the harpsichord" because of its unusual shape, this 17th-century palace was once the centre of fashionable entertainments for Rome's papal high society. Its Mannerist courtyard, in particular, was the stage for lavish affaires. You can peek in to see the oversize statuary, columns supporting the double loggias, and the "bath of Venus" faountain.

Palazzo Massimo alle Colonne
Click on image to enlargeArchitect Peruzzi overcame a number of technical problem to buiid this 16-century masterpiece. Primarily, he had to follow the curve of the foundations of the ancient Theatre of Domitian. His colonnaded portico is an elegant solution along the street side; the other facade is decorated with monochrome frescoes, known as grisaille.

Palazzo Farnese
Click on image to enlargeConsidered the renaissence palace par excellence. reflecting the genius of both Antonio da Sangalo the younger and Michelangelo. Home to one of Rome's most unscrupulous families, it was comissioned in 1517 by Alessandro Farnese, later Pope poul lll.

Villa Giulia
Click on image to enlargeIntended for hedonistic pleasure, this was a perfect papal retreat where Pope Julius lll could indulge his tastes for young boys and Classical statuary. designed by Vignola, Ammannati and Vasari, this 16th-century marvel is all loggias, fountains and gardens.

Palazzo Barberini
Click on image to enlargeWhen Maffei Barberini became Pope Urban Vlll in 1623, he decided to build a family palce on the (then) edge of town. Architect Carlo Maderno designed it as an outside country villa with three floors of arcades. Bernini added the square staircase on the left; Borromini the spiral staircase on the right.

Palazzo della Cancelleria
Click on image to enlargeOne of the loveliest palaces from the Early Renaissance (late 1400s) - the purity of its facade and courtyard is unparalleled. Several ancient monuments were pillaged to provide the marble and the 44 portico columns inside.

Palazzo Spada
Click on image to enlargeBuit around 1550 for wealthy cardinal, the architect unknown, this palace has one of the most ornate Renaissance facades in Rome, featuring reliefs evoking the city's glorious past. However the inner courtyard is the masterpiece, decorated with stucco figures of the 12 Olympian gods and goddesses

Palazzo Vanezia
Click on image to enlargeRome's first great Renaissance palace was built for the Venetian cardinal Pietro Barbo. It is attributed to one of two Florentine architects, Alberti or Maiano. You can admire the beautiful palm court with an 18-century fountain from the museum café.