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Ancient Sights
 Top 10 Features of Ancient Sights
 

Roman Forum
Click on image to see enlarge imageIn the centre of the Forum stands a humble ruined structur where fresh flowers are placed year-round. this is the foundation of the Temple to Julius Caesar, built by Augustus in the 1st century BC. The flowers indicate the exact spot of cCaesar's cremation.


Pantheon
Click on image to see enlarge imageOrginally worshippers approached this temple to all the gods by a steep staircase, but the street level has risen since the 2nd century, The presnt Temple was built by hadrian, after the 1st-century BC temple burned down.


Imperial Fora
Click on image to see enlarge imageThe largest and one of the most commending of this imposing zone was the 2nd-century AD Temple of Venus and Rome, its columns standing high on the hill between the Forum and the Colosseum. Its back to back design was Hadraian's and when the great architect Apollodorus criticized it, Hadrian had him put to death


Colosseum
Click on image to see enlarge imageThe backbreaking labour to build the greatast of amphitheatres was carried out by a hord following the suprassion of their revold in Judaea. The structur has been the archetype for the world's sport stadiums ever since.


Palatine Hill
Click on image to see enlarge imageMost Europian languages derive their word for palace from the name of this hill. All-important in the history of early Rome, First as his birthplace, then as the home of its leaders' opulant homes, it now serves as a bucolic setting for a romantic stroll


Baths of Diocletian
Click on image to see enlarge imageA large section of this huge 3rd-century AD complex now houses an excelent archaeoligical museum, including a marble sculptur of Mithras that still retains its gold leaf and paint. A vast Michelangelo cloister is decorated with ancient statuary.



Column of Marcus Aurelius
Click on image to see enlarge imageA 2nd-century AD commemoration of conquests along the Danube, this colossus stands 30 m (100 ft) high and is composed of 28 mable drums. The 20 spiral reliefs realistically chronicle scenes from two wars. A statue of the emperor and his wife once stood on top of the column, but it was replaced by one of St Paul in 1589.


Nero's Golden House
Click on image to see enlarge imageWhen the rooms of the mad emperor's house were discovered in the late 1400s, everyone thought they'd found mysterious grottoes. Consequently, the style of wall painting found here became known as "grotesque" and was much imitated by Renaissance artists, including Raphael


Largo di Torre Argentina
Click on image to see enlarge imageDiscovered in 1920s four Repubulican temples stand out distincly, with the columns of a portico at the north end. The drainege Gutters of an Imperial public latrine are behind one temple, and behind others stands the tufa-block of the Curia of the Theatre of Pompey. Caesar was killed here on 15 March 44 BC


Theatre of Marcellus
Click on image to see enlarge imageThe theatre was inaugurated by Augustus in 23 BC and dadicated to his nephew and son-in-low Marcellus, who had just died aged 19. Not much remains of the ones huge structur which held up to 20,000 people. In later ages, what was left of it was used as support for medival and Renaissance fortresses and palaces.